Help us improve our Website
Visual map of our website

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALL words ANY word
Search our website. Click here for search tips.
   

Patent Law Firm: us patent, patent search, patent attorney, patent an invention, patent idea, patent information, patent law, patent application, u.s patent, united state patent, patent lawyer, patent agent, us patent search, software patent, patent pending, patent research, design patent, patent protection, patent help, patents, invention marketing in San Francisco Bay Area, Silicon Valley, San Jose, Santa Clara.

 


Patent Agent FAQ | Inventor FAQ | Patent FAQ | Our Service Guide | Patent Search FAQ | Patent Services FAQ | Consultations FAQ

a basic help/FAQ guide to our services

Patent Search related questions:

Should I have a Professional Patent Search done before filing a Provisional Application for Patent?
Should I have a Professional Patent Search done before filing a Full, Utility Patent Application?
Should I have a Professional Patent Search done before filing a Design Patent Application?
Which level of flat-fee Patent Search is right for me?

Patent Application related questions:

In what situations is Patent protection needed?
Patent Attorney or a Patent Agent, which is right for me?
Why does the "quality" of a Patent matter?
Should I apply initially for a Full Utility Patent or a Provisional Patent Application (PPA)?
A Full Utility Patent Application costs a lot of money, why do it instead of a Provisional Patent Application (PPA)?
If you did my PPA, how much will it cost me to do the full Utility Patent later on?
If I decided on a PPA, of the Quality oriented or Cost oriented PPA approaches, which is right for me?
Is your do-it-yourself approach right for me?
I decided on doing a Cost Oriented PPA, but which level of service is right for me?
Is a flat-fee approach right for me?
How do I know which Flat-fee category my idea falls in
?
Is the you-write we perfect Utility Patent Application approach right for me?
Could I lump multiple apparatus and/or methods together into one application?
When should I apply for a Design Patent?

Consultation related question

Should I have a consultation with a patent Agent/Attorney before paying online?

Invention Specific Questions:

I have many ideas, which do you think this is the most promising?
I have many ideas, which should I get patent protection for?
I want to have a prototype of my product made by a prototype service company, but I don't want to give them my idea without some protection. If I plan to do this before, or during, the full Patent Application Process, what should I do?

 

Patent Search related questions:

Should I have a Professional Patent Search done before filing a Provisional Patent Application (PPA)?

The short answer is, not usually- for the following reasons: The main motivation to filing a PPA is to avoid making significant investments in patent protection of an idea before having some degree of confidence that the idea has commercial value. However, the risk of not performing the patent search is that you may lose your earlier filing date if a prior-art patent(s) exists that makes your PPA disclosure unpatentable, where if you discovered the patent prior to filing the PPA, it would have given you an opportunity to design your invention around the patent, thereby securing an earlier "First-to-Invent" filing date. So, if you suspect that others may be coming up with your same or similar idea, and you suspect that your invention is commercially viable, then a prior-art patent search is wise to perform prior to filing any patent application, including a PPA. Of course, if you consider that the cost of PPA service you plan to procure is high enough to warrant performing a Professional Patent Search to help protect against loosing your investment in the PPA, then procure a Professional Patent Search search would be wise. If the search is favorable to the patentability of your idea, then what ever was found in the search would be filed in an information disclosure statement for the later filed full, Utility Patent Application. The end result is a stronger full, Utility Patent Application for the same reasons of why it is important to do a prior-art search in general.

Should I have a Professional Patent Search done before filing a Full, Utility Patent Application?

Well, apart from the insurance policy benefit of a prior-art search, there are important reasons why a relatively thorough patent search should be performed that affect the scope, and strength, of any future patent. The comments made regarding the same question for the PPA additionally applies here too. However, because a Utility Patent Application costs substantially more than a PPA, especially our do-it-yourself PPA services, then there is that much more reason to have a professional prior-art patent search performed as an insurance policy against losing your significant financial investment, and the earlier "First-to-Invent" filing date.

Should I have a Professional Patent Search done before filing a Design Patent Application?

Given that the cost of a Design Patent Application is relatively low, on par with our cost oriented do-it-yourself PPA services, the conclusion is pretty much the same as that given for the PPA, which is if you suspect that others may be coming up with your same or similar design, and you suspect that your design is commercially viable, then a prior-art patent search is wise to perform prior to filing a Design Patent Application.

Which level of flat-fee Patent Search is right for me?

That depends on the complexity of your invention and the level of confidence you feel you need before making a significant investment in applying for patent protection of your idea. The Basic, low complexity Patent Search (#SP01) level of service satisfies the goals of most people with relatively simple ideas who seek low-cost and want to discover if the same or highly similar patents exist. It is conducted by a Patent Engineer search professional and is good for finding direct or very similar matches used in 35 USC 102 anticipation rejections. However, if you are highly concerned about patentability, you may want to consider the "Basic Search Pro" level (#SP02), which is conducted by a Registered Patent Agent having at least a Masters Engineer degree. This level of research is a deeper probe, which searches for additional patents, beyond direct/similar matches, that may be used in combination by a Patent Examiner in a 35 USC 103 obviousness rejection, thereby substantially increasing the likelihood that we can overcome an Examiners rejection without having to limit the patent's scope and avoid prosecution history estoppels. This issue is particularly important if you are planning to invest a much time and money into your invention (e.g., starting a company) or have to block potential competitors, whereby it is much more important to reduce your risk with respect to patentability. To that end, the "Basic Search Pro" search will provide you more in-depth patentability results while still being budget conscious.

 

Patent Application related questions:

In what situations is Patent protection needed?

The common situation where applying for patent protection is important, if not mandatory, is when the nature of the idea, method, or apparatus is such that if it were kept as a trade secret (also see the types of IP protection)competitors observing the embodiment of your invention (e.g., the product or method you are selling) would be able to figure out and copy your invention without your help. A patent is also usually required if you want to ever license your idea(s) to others, and many manufactures will not even talk to an independent inventor unless he or she at least has "Patent Pending" status for the idea being offered for sale or license.

Patent Attorney or a Patent Agent, which is right for me?

also see: USPTO Patent Attorneys and Patent Agents
also see: Usenet Patent Agent Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

First of all, it is helpful to understand the main differences between a Patent Attorney and a Patent Agent. From the USPTO's point of view, both have to passed the Patent Bar Exam and if the person is a licensed Attorney in some U.S. State, then she is a Patent Attorney, otherwise a Patent Agent. The Patent Bar Exam is mostly taken by Attorneys, and is extremely difficult to pass. It usually takes two to three tries for most to pass (i.e., pass rates range from 30-50%). Anyone that can pass this grueling exam is licensed to practice in all matters related to patents before the USPTO. Interestingly, there is nothing taught in law school about Patent Practice that would help a law student at all to pass the Patent Bar Exam or to prepare and prosecute patent applications. In this respect, there is no advantage to using a Patent Attorney. Another aspect to consider concerns your practitioner's technical expertise. Generally, the more technically knowledgeable your practitioner is, the more accurate your patent will be, and the less time it will take to have him or her understand your invention. In this regard, Patent Agents tend to be far more technically capable than Patent Attorneys. The main reason is because Agents tend to come from a career in industry, and Attorneys tend to come right out of law school with a huge school loan debt, and no practical technical experience. The final main difference to consider, is that, for reasons beyond the scope of this brief presentation, Patent Attorneys will usually cost at least twice as much as a Patent Agents.

Regarding which is right for you, the only cases where only a Patent Attorney is an option is if you require patent litigation, patent validity opinion, patent licensing, or trademark application services. Although, few Patent Attorneys have much experience in these areas, the litigation and patent validity opinion experience can be helpful in drafting very high value patent applications (e.g., worth $100's of millions like Yahoo!, Amazon one-click, etc.). Even if your patent may not turn out to be the next Amazon, you should still find an affordable practitioner with some experience in patent validity opinion work, as this will usually increase the likelihood that your patent will hold up well in court. That is why it is particularly important to be sure that a Patent Agent you are considering has worked in a Patent Law Firm (and not only inside a company), and has worked with validity opinions. All other things being equal, it is almost always wiser for a small business or independent inventor to work with a Patent Agent over a Patent Attorney as it usually costs half as much for the same work.

Why does the "quality" of a Patent Application matter?

Patent Specification Quality
Patent Claims Quality

That is, the "protection" afforded by a PPA or a full patent application, is only as good as the disclosure of the invention in the patent application. If it is not properly or completely described, or if there are vague or contradictory aspects to the PPA disclosure, then the PPA may be later found invalid, or not covering the scope of what you consider to be your invention (read quality -vs.- cost tradeoffs for more details). The protection afforded by a PPA or a full Patent Application, is by way of a competitor being afraid to infringe on the future patent, and winning significant damages if they do. Thus, if the PPA specification is defective, then the later filed full Utility Patent Application that claims the filing date of the PPA would also be defective or invalid, and no effective patent protection would result. That is why a PPA should be treated as seriously as a regular, or full patent application, esp. if it is critical to have future patent coverage extend to the earlier filing date of the PPA, and not to the later filing date of the full Utility Patent Application.

Often PPAs are filed before one starts (test) marketing the corresponding invention. In such a case, given the above analysis, if you think your invention has significant market value, then you should go the Quality Oriented PPA or full Patent Application route. If you are unsure of your idea's value, or your finances are particularly tight, then the PPA is an acceptable option (Click Here for more details between Full Patent and PPA). In the end, if your invention becomes something valuable, then you want to be sure that its patent protection is strong enough to convince a manufacturer's/licensee's lawyers, for example, that you have a patent application or granted patent of sufficient quality for them to take the risk in investing in, or paying for use of your invention. Otherwise, if the quality of the patent application or granted patent is too weak (i.e., of low quality) they might prefer to work around or ignore your deemed narrow or otherwise insufficient patent protection. In general, if you cannot afford a full Patent Application (the best course of action) a Quality Oriented PPA can go a long way towards assuring that your idea is better protected. That way, if someone else applies for a patent on your same idea or attempt to sell a product based on your idea, your earlier date could block them. However, if your PPA application did not frame and/or disclose the proper aspects, variations, and/or applications then you would not have an earlier filing date for those aspects not properly set forth, and thereby have no patent protection. In this way, the "quality" of the original patent specification is critical to the effective strength of the resulting patent, if any.

Patent Claims Quality

Generally, an invention should be claimed in different ways and with varying scope to ensure that an invention is sufficiently protected against copying or theft by competitors and sufficiently motivate them to license your invention instead. In this way, the complexity of a patent practitioners claims drafting will depend to a large extent on the subject matter being protected and the number of ways and depth and breadth of the claims construction strategy. The main issues governing how sophisticated a claims strategy is required concerns claim examination by the patent office, claim interpretation during infringement proceedings, and litigation cost reduction. Regarding examination, a more complex claim construction strategy will provide a multitude of alternative claims for the Patent Examiner to find allowable, which usually make patent allowance quicker and prosecution costs lower. Regarding claim interpretation, employing a complex multitude of alternative approaches in claiming an invention, of varying degree in breadth and legal approach (e.g., means-plus-function, etc.), casts a broader and stronger net to catch infringers. With respect to patent infringement proceedings, a more complex claim construction strategy targets all envisioned alternative commercial embodiments of the invention with the intent to require less legal argument justifying infringement during litigation, thereby saving money and increasing the likelihood of winning an infringement judgment. Furthermore, for high quality patent applications, claims are draft claims to target a wide range of potential infringers (including present/future competitors, manufacturers/distributors, users, distributed networks across national borders), and where practical, claims are drafted to cover only a single potential infringer. This high quality approach significantly increases the strength and value of your patent intellectual property.

Should I apply initially for a Full Utility Patent Application or a Provisional Patent Application (PPA)?

The answer to this common question mostly depends on your financial situation and goals. For most inventors who have no notion of whether there idea would receive interest in the marketplace, a PPA is the best risk/reward option. Please click here for the main PPA pros and cons. In general, the decision is boils down to the level of investment you feel is warranted, or the most you can invest, to protect the potential future revenues your idea may generate. If you are not sure whether your idea will sell in the marketplace, or if you can not afford a Utility patent application, then a PPA might be the way to go. On the other hand, if you are relatively confident that your idea has commercially potential, which may be true, for example, if pertinent professionals or consumers like it, then a Utility Patent Application will generally provide you the best quality patent protection for licensing and against theft. Click here for a more detailed explanation of why a Utility Patent Application inherently is of much higher quality than a PPA.

A Full Utility Patent Application costs a lot of money, why do it instead of a Provisional Patent Application (PPA)?

I know it seems like a lot of money at first, but, to frame the context more accurately, like any decision, it is all about assessing the opportunity -vs.- cost. On the opportunity side of the equation, if the opportunity seems to be relatively significant and there is some positive feedback from industry players (e.g., professionals, companies, academia, executives, etc.), then a less quality Patent Application (e.g., a do-it-yourself PPA) may risk losing a valuable deal if a big player deems the application as legally insufficient to warrant their investment or licensing. Another significant risk is that the weaker PPA might very well have technical and legal gaps in the disclosure that would allow would-be-copiers or licensees to more easily design around your patent, thereby losing all or part of your potential revenue stream. Click Here for a more detailed explanation of why a Utility Patent Application inherently is of much higher quality than a PPA. Of course, if your confidence in the commercial value of your invention is relatively low, then a full Patent Application may not be for you, and you should Click Here to assess your better course of action.

On the cost side of the equation, generally, as the opportunity appears more significant, then the investment warranted usually follows some equation like $ to invest = $ Income Potential x Probability of Success. A low cost patent firm, such as Bay Area IP, can go a long way towards helping you take less upfront risk, while best positioning you to reap the rewards. For example, a typical, high overhead, patent firm would charge any where from $4,000 to $7,000 just to file a simple mechanical Utility Patent Application and about the same amount to prosecute it until issuance. That makes it almost impossible for the independent inventor to invest in a better quality Utility Patent, and forces them into the more risky PPA. In contrast, our flat-fee of $2250 for our time to prepare and file simple mechanical Utility Applications gets you in the quality "ball park", at substantially less risk. Our unique low-cost approach, provides a service at every quality step from a "full service" Utility Patent Application down to a completely do-it-yourself PPA, which enables you to pick your optimal comfort zone balancing the Opportunity -vs.- Cost and Risk -vs.- Reward decisions against your financial situation.

If you did my PPA, how much will it cost me to do the full Utility Patent later on?

Until further notice, we offer a special cost savings opportunity for those procuring our Option 1 or 2 flat-fee Quality Oriented Provisional Patent Applications (qPPA), whereby we guarantee that you may deduct the amount paid for the flat-fee qPPA from the then prevailing cost of the corresponding flat-fee, full Utility Patent Application. That is, you only pay the difference in cost between the flat-fee Utility application and the qPPA, instead of the full future cost of applying for a full patent. If you procured an Option 3 qPPA, or a Cost Oriented PPA service at or above the PPA Review level, then your PPA application is usually automatically eligible for a reduced cost Flat-fee full Patent Application quote; however, the fee paid for these PPAs is not deductible.

If I decided on doing a PPA, of the Quality oriented or Cost oriented PPA approaches, which is right for me?

Having already decided upon a PPA it is usually the case that you are on a limited budget, or have high uncertainty about the marketability of your idea. For some inventors, another variable is the number of ideas that patent protection is sought. The main decision point factors are as follows:

  1. Budget
  2. Marketability confidence
  3. Amount of work you are willing to do yourself under our guidance
  4. The number of inventions you seek Patent protection for

The first item to consider is your budget. If you simply cannot afford a Quality Oriented PPA then the Cost Oriented PPA is your way to go. If your budget is not the limiting factor, then the next decision point to consider is how much confidence you have in the marketability of your invention. Of course, the higher your confidence, a proportionately greater investment in patent protection warranted. That is, if you have done some basic marketability research (e.g., professionals like your idea, it is selling on eBay, you see inferior products in the market place, & etc., for marketing ideas read books by Jay Levinson) that is very positive, then you should procure the highest quality PPA (if not a full Utility Patent) that you can afford. Similarly, the lower your marketability confidence, a commensurately lower amount of investment is justified. After establishing your budget and level of confidence, then you should decide how much work you are able, or willing, to do yourself with our guidance. For example, if you do not want to spend the time to initially draft a PPA yourself according to our PPA kit, then either our Top or Good quality PPA service is a good choice. If, however, you are willing to draft a PPA under the guidance of our PPA kit, and have relatively good confidence in the marketability of your idea, but only have a limited budget to work with, then either of our Drafting Basic Plus or Drafting Basic service is ideal. Because the Drafting Basic Plus level of service includes a broad claim, it is a good compromise between cost (e.g., "Drafting Basic" PPA) and quality (e.g., the "Good quality" PPA). Some inventors have multiple ideas they wish to pursue patent protection for. Often they do not know which one will be the most well received in the marketplace and cannot afford the cost of procuring high quality PPAs for all of them. Some clients find a good approach in this situation is to procure, for the idea they have the most confidence in, a Quality PPA that is then used as a template to pattern PPAs for their other ideas, and use our Cost Oriented PPA services to clean up and assure minimum legal validity for each of them.

Is your do-it-yourself approach right for me?

Well, it depends what we are talking about. When it comes to patent law, there are so many variables involved to say anything definitive when it comes to what an inventor should, or should not do themselves. However, the question is better framed in the context of what your goals and risk tolerance levels are, with the understanding that as with any task (e.g., filing your own tax return, repairing your car, etc.), you will likely get the best quality job done when you have a professional do the work. To help you better understand the context, let us compare filing your own Patent Patent Application PPA to filing your own income tax return. For example, much of writing a PPA is very similar to filing a tax return, where much of the basic calculations and filing out the forms can be done yourself after reading the IRS instructions. And, if you either do not have the time to fill out the forms and/or read all those IRS instructions, then you will have to pay a CPA to do it for you. Ideally, if you do the routine work yourself according to the basic IRS instructions, and have a CPA review your forms, then you can save a great deal of money, because the true value that the CPA brings to your tax return filing is to make sure that you get the largest refund, you do not break any IRS rules, and help assure you do not get audited. In the same way concerning Patent Applications, the real value that a Patent Practitioner offers you is to get the greatest patent scope (like a tax refund), make sure you do not break any USPTO rules (like IRS rules), and try to avoid legal pitfalls that could lose you a patent infringement case in court (like avoiding an IRS audit). In this way, if you are willing to draft the PPA under the guidance of our PPA kit (like filling out IRS forms using tax form instruction guides), and have us fix obvious problem (like a CPA reviewing your tax return), then the DIY approach can work for you if you understand and accept the quality -vs.- cost tradeoffs that always go along with doing anything yourself.

Of course, there are some aspects of Patent Application preparation that are more amenable than others to non-practitioner drafting. For example, the least suitable aspects of Patent Application practice for the "do-it-yourself" (DIY) approach is the drafting of claims, replies to office actions during prosecution, and more advanced matters. In contrast, the most suitable DIY task is PPA preparation and filing. This arises from a "loop hole" in Patent Law that provides an opportunity, in contrast to a full Utility Patent Application, for an average person to file a PPA written in plain English, without claims, and according to simple filing procedures. In this way, anyone who can write coherent, even if simple, sentences describing how to make and use their invention can write and file a legally valid PPA themselves with the basic guidance that we provide. However, without our professional review/guidance there is no guarantee that the application will be minimally legally valid. So, although a complete DIY approach as provided by our DIY PPA kit is somewhat practical with the PPA, a more optimal approach is to "DIY with our support", which is a Provisional Patent Practice relatively unique to our firm.

I decided on doing a Cost Oriented PPA, but which level of service is right for me?

If you have already converged onto our Cost Oriented PPA services, then you are likely working with a very tight budget. It is better to take a swing at making something of your neat idea and protecting it, than to do nothing at all, and watch someone else do it- while you say to yourself "I should have done something with that idea!". The same analysis as that for the Quality Oriented PPAs applies here by replacing "Top Quality PPA" with "Drafting Basic" and "OK Quality PPA" with our "DIY PPA kit". That is, if you simply cannot afford our PPA Drafting Basic service then the PPA Revision, Review, email Support, or DIY PPA kit levels of service will fit your budget. Basically, each level of service will likely result in a higher quality PPA and result in a stronger US Patent. The DIY PPA kit is ideal for those who have virtually no money, but want a guarantee of at least securing a filing date for there exact idea, usually before disclosing it to others. For just a little more money, inventors in this situation can greatly benefit from our PPA email Support service, which helps you get answers to PPA preparation and filing questions you may have that are specific to your invention or goals. If it is within your budget, our PPA Review service is the more optimal approach that best balances the quality -vs.- cost tradeoffs for extremely cost constrained inventors. The PPA email Support, and PPA Review level of services address "minimum legal validity", which is what matters to get a patent. In the "Revision" service we clean up the language of your PPA to remove or reword obvious things that could harm you during examination or regarding "Litigation Validity". So, in this way, the "Revision" service additionally improves the "Litigation Validity" of any resulting patent, but it does not usually add legal Safeguards. The "Drafting Basic" service, takes your PPA and not only corrects it for "minimum legal validity" and harmful language, but it also adds helpful language (or "legal Safeguards") to improve Patent Scope and "Litigation Validity."

The next decision point to consider is how much confidence you have in the marketability of your invention. Of course, the higher your confidence, a proportionately greater investment in patent protection warranted. That is, if you have done some basic marketability research (e.g., professionals like your idea, it is selling on eBay, you see inferior products in the market place, & etc., for marketing ideas read books by Jay Levinson) that is very positive, then you should at least procure the Drafting Basic service (if not a full Utility Patent or a Quality Oriented PPA) that you can afford. Similarly, the lower your marketability confidence, a commensurately lower amount of investment is justified. If, however, you have relatively good confidence in the marketability of your idea then either of our PPA Revision or PPA Drafting Basic service is ideal. Some inventors have multiple ideas they wish to pursue patent protection for. Often they do not know which one will be the most well received in the marketplace and cannot afford the cost of procuring high quality PPAs for all of them. Some clients find a good approach in this situation is to procure, for the idea they have the most confidence in, our PPA Drafting Basic service that is then used as a template to pattern PPAs for their other ideas, and use our PPA Revision or PPA Review service to clean up and assure minimum legal validity for each of them.

Is a flat-fee approach right for me?

First, see if your invention is eligible for a Flat-fee quote. Then you should consider if you can provide a clear and complete description of your invention and all its applications and variations such that we can work almost exclusively from your description to draft your application. The goal of our Flat-fee approach is to avoid costly and time-consuming disclosure meetings, phone calls, emails, and draft iterations that result from errant assumptions regarding misunderstandings or vague disclosures. If we can efficiently draft the whole application based on your clear detailed description of your invention, then we save time, and you save money. Our flat-fee service is ideal for inventors who's inventions are completed (i.e., no significant last-minute changes) and relatively easy to understand, such that only very limited verbal/email communication, if any, is necessary for us to clearly understand every aspect of the detailed disclosure. Furthermore, those who can provide us a clear and coherent plain-English, detailed invention description will benefit the most. In general, you should always provide your Patent Practitioner as detailed, and as complete a description as possible, because this will always translate into a better quality patent application and result in a stronger awarded patent, if one is granted.

Our flat-fee service is not suited for inventors who's inventions are in flux (i.e., significant last-minute changes) and/or requires significant verbal/email communication for us to understand. Furthermore, those prefer to disclose there invention by way of a verbal disclosure meeting (whether on the phone, Internet, or in person) will find hour hourly patent preparation service more amenable to their needs.

Most inventors prefer to do a little extra work in writing a detailed description to save money and limit there patent costs. If you are not sure about your particular situation, please feel free to email us your question(s).

How do I know which Flat-fee category my idea falls in?

For the purpose of assessing a flat-fee for your Utility or Quality Oriented Provisional Patent Applications, we, generally, categorize the complexity of inventions into the following categories:

  1. Very Simple Mechanical
  2. Average Mechanical/ Simple Electrical
  3. Complex Mechanical/Average Electrical/Simple Software
  4. Complex Electrical/Average Software/Simple e-commerce
  5. Complex Software/Complex e-commerce

After you requested a flat-fee quote from us and it is determined that our flat-fee service is right for you, we will provide you a flat-fee quote. However, to help you get a feel for what you might expect beforehand, what follows is by no means definitive, but instead outlines some basic concepts you should consider for each category:

  • Very Simple Mechanical: Generally, these inventions usually have one or two moving parts, one way of implementing it (i.e., one mode, or embodiment), and operate on extremely intuitive principles. Typically the details of these mechanical inventions are something that you could easily explain to a kid so she could quickly understand how make and use it herself. If not, it is likely not a Very Simple Mechanical invention.
  • Average Mechanical/ Simple Electrical/ Simple Software: for mechanical (or electrical, or software) inventions, usually they have few moving parts (or few electrical components, or few software functions), a couple of ways, or modes/embodiments, of implementing it and operate on basic, rather intuitive principles. Typically the details of these mechanical (or electrical, or software) inventions are something that you could explain to a teenager (or an average electrical technician or software programer) so she could understand how make and use it herself. If not, it is likely not a Average Mechanical (or simple electrical, or software) invention.
  • Complex Mechanical/Average Electrical/Average Software: for mechanical (or electrical, or software) inventions, usually they have many moving parts (or many electrical components, or many software functions), more than three ways, or modes/embodiments, of implementing it and operate on non-intuitive, rather technical principles. Typically the details of these mechanical (or electrical, or software) inventions are something only at least an average engineer not trained specifically in the field of the invention could readily understand how make and use your invention. Otherwise, it is likely not a Complex Mechanical (or average electrical, or software) invention.
  • Complex Electrical/Complex Software: usually inventions in this category not only have many electrical components, or many software functions, but they also have novel hierarchical system-level modules that communicate and interdepend on each other. Additionally, there are typically implemented in more than three ways, or modes/embodiments, and operate on very non-intuitive, very technical principles. The details of these electrical or software inventions are something only at least an engineer trained in the specific field of the invention could readily understand how to make and use your invention.
  • Simple e-commerce/Complex e-commerce: a.k.a. business methods are often controversial and, lately, receive special scrutiny by the USPTO during Patent Examination. They require significant attention and effort to draft something that will likely be novel and non-obvious over the prior-art. Simple E-commerce ideas are characterized by methods that are relatively strait forward (e.g., "single click" purchasing) that can easily be explained to a teenager so she could quickly understand how carry out the idea herself. In contrast, Complex E-commerce ideas are characterized by methods that are very algorithmic and interdependent on many steps and conditional variables (e.g., interactive TV targeted advertising) that can be explained to, and understood by at least only a person trained in the specific field of the invention.

The above overview is by no means an exhaustive or fixed characterization of each category, and should only be viewed as a very general guide. There are some factors that could increase your case's complex; for example, if there is a great deal of similar prior-art, which can make significantly more time consuming to draft the specification and claims. You can ask us, for Free, to evaluate your invention for a flat-fee quote. We will make a judgment on a case-by-case basis according to the spirit of the above characterization. In the end, to make a living, we have to make an accurate estimate of how much time it will take us to prepare your patent application. Generally, the more complex the invention, the more time it takes to properly describe it in detail, and, much more time will be spent to properly claim it.

Is the "you-write we perfect" Utility Patent Application approach right for me?

In general, those that like the do-it-yourself and flat-fee approaches, as described, would likely benefit, to some degree, from the you-write we perfect option. However, there are no guarantees that the application you would write will save you more money than our flat-fee offer. This option will really only save money for the seasoned inventor that has some experience in writing patent applications, and needs a profession to review and revise their draft to bring it into compliance with current best practices.

Could I lump multiple apparatus and/or methods together into one application?

Only if they are based on the same structure or method, or simple variations that would not be patentably distinct. Otherwise, you will get a restriction requirement during patent examination, which would end up costing you more than if you initially filed the applications separately due to the cost of our time in responding to the restriction requirement and/or having to prepare separate patent applications.

When should I apply for a Design Patent?

Design Patents protect the look, or ornamentation, of an article. If you believe that the appearance of your invention has marketing value, independent of its functionality, then a Design Patent usually makes sense. Unlike a copyright or trademark, a Design Patent protects not only the novel aspects of your design, but also any obvious variations that a would be copyist might come up with to compete against you. For example, a company The Shaper Image is a prolific product designer and often protects these designs with Design Patents. The cost to apply for, prosecute, and be granted a Design Patent is substantially less than the corresponding cost of a Utility Patent Application. The question boils down to determining whether the cost to protect the design is justified by the benefit of blocking (licensing) it from (to) others. If you believe that the look and feel of your product significantly motivates its sale to consumers, then a procuring a Design Patent is usually a good choice. We provide an especially low cost Design Patent Application service, that makes it a much more cost effective proposition than what competing patent firms offer. You should keep in mind that it is common to protect the function/structure of a product with a Utility Patent, and the appearance of the product with a Design Patent.

Consultation related questions:

Should I consult with Bay Area IP before paying online?

Of course, that depends on your situation and the service(s) you have in mind. However, generally, before contacting a Bay Area IP professional, you should try to find the information you are looking for in our rich, accessible website content, particularly our Frequently Asked Questions, Patent Information, and our downloadable Free inventor's guide. By answering your basic questions on our website first, it helps us get to your deeper questions, if any, and use the limited time communicating with us to your best advantage. There are three basic categories that most inventors fall in with respect to our services, which can be broken down in terms of how much you can afford or intend to invest for our services in protecting your idea, as follows:

1. $500 or less.

In this case, the decision is relatively strait forward as your options are limited to our Do-it-yourself PPA Kit, PPA email support, PPA Review, or PPA Revision service. Click here to decide which of these services is right for you. For most inventors, their question(s) will be answered here and can order the suitable "Patent Pending" service without contacting us, or requiring an initial consultation. However, if your questions are not answered here, then please email us your specific question that will help you decide. If you feel your case is too complex for email interaction, then you may want to procure an initial consultation at our special 50% off introductory rate.

2. $600 to $1500.

At this level of investment, initial consultations/invention evaluation are often required for many inventors to determine if their idea warrants a higher quality PPA, a Utility Patent Application, or to determine the complexity of the invention for purpose of selecting the appropriate flat-fee quote, if any. Before requesting an initial consultation, however, you should first determine if your invention is relatively simple or complex. If your idea is very simple (e.g., you could easily explain it to Grandma so she could quickly understand how make and use it herself), then you should decide if a PPA or a Utility Patent Application best serves your goals by CLICKING HERE. To fit in this budget category, however, ideas that are not relatively simple have to be filed as a PPA. If you decided on a PPA then next decision point is which PPA quality level is right for you [Click Here]. Another decision you need to make is how much are you willing to, or capable of, doing yourself. If you know exactly which of our services is a good fit (e.g., a Utility Patent, a quality oriented PPA, etc.) you can pay online to get the process started immediately. Otherwise, you may have a general idea of which services apply, but need to have answered some detailed questions particular to your situation. To help you sort out more advanced issues or just to get to know us a little better before making a relatively significant investment with us, we offer a special Free initial consultation.

3. $1500 or more.

The analysis is the same at this budget level as the previous ($600 to $1500) category above, except that it becomes much more difficult and important to correctly determine your optimal course of action (e.g., quality PPA or Utility) and the flat-fee category that your invention would be eligible for. After sorting out the basic considerations set forth in the previous ($600 to $1500) budget category above, you should take advantage of our special Free initial consultation offer.

 

Invention Specific Questions:

I have many ideas, which do you think this is the most promising?

Generally speaking, we cannot comment on which idea the most promising. Such a determination requires an in-depth market analysis, and feedback from industry/user contacts. However, which ever idea you believe would be most likely well received, you should protect it with the highest level of patent protection you can afford; otherwise, licensees/manufacturers might pass on your top idea if the patent application was weak.

I have many ideas, which should I get patent protection for?

I would suggest you focus your valuable time and money on the idea(s) and variations you believe have the best chance of success. Often, you may not know which idea(s) will be the most well received in the marketplace and cannot afford the cost of procuring high quality PPAs for all of them. Some of our clients find a good approach in this situation is to procure, for the idea(s) they have the most confidence in, a Quality PPA or Drafting Basic PPA that is then used as a template to pattern PPAs for their other ideas, which use our Cost Oriented PPA services to clean up and assure minimum legal validity for each of them.

I want to have a prototype of my product made by a prototype service company, but I don't want to give them my idea without some protection. If I plan to do this before, or during, the full Patent Application Process, what should I do?

Of course, a patent application is the best, most solid form of protection, for many reasons. However, in any case you should get an NDA covering your disclosures to them. This is for free, if they will do it. You should also be sure to have them sign a "Work for Hire" agreement that makes it clear that they are not providing any creative service. Both these contracts are included in our PPA Kit (items 11 and 23, respectively) that we make available to all our clients upon request. In addition, you can quickly prepare and file your own Provisional Patent Application (PPA) with one of our supporting "Patent Pending" services, and get "Patent Pending" status immediately (Click Here for PPA pros and cons). Another, less costly, but less desirable approach, which is better than not filing anything with the USPTO, is, for $10, submit a description (preferably prepared according to our PPA kit) to the USPTO under their document disclosure program. This would document that you were the first inventor, and block them from patenting the device, but it would not afford you any legal rights to block them from selling it in the future. However, in either case, the full extent of any protection you have completely depends on the degree the written description covers the actual, potentially modified, device they would be implementing. We offer a PPA review service where we give you corrective feedback, which guarantees that your PPA meets the minimum legal requirements. Usually, upon request, we can you deliver our feedback within a day after we receive your draft PPA. One could think of the additional cost of the PPA filing, and/or our service, as an insurance policy against your concerns of product idea theft. Also, the resulting PPA that implements the PPA kit's instructions, and our Review feedback, would necessarily be qualified to get our flat-rate pricing on preparing and filing the utility application. The PPA option also gets you an earlier filing date on the aspects disclosed in the PPA.

Top

 



Bay Area Intellectual Property Group, LLC. © 2004, All Rights Reserved